Conference – Regulating Global Streaming Platforms in the Small-Nation Context: Mission (Im)Possible?

Context: Mission (Im)Possible? - tegning

The conference puts together experts from small European territories which are at different stages in imposing the obligations for streaming platforms to invest in the local content. Some territories like Flanders have been engaged in this process since 2018 and have even revised the initial investment obligations to improve them. Some countries like Portugal, Croatia and Denmark, have only recently introduced the obligations, and are waiting for the first implementation results. The Czech Republic is still negotiating, while several countries like Sweden and Austria are only about to start the journey. What can these small territories learn from each other? Can they help each other avoid some common pitfalls?

The conference is organized by the Center for Modern European Studies (University of Copenhagen) in collaboration with the National Film School of Denmark, MEDIA Desk Denmark and the research project “Creativity and adaptability as conditions for the success of Europe in an Interrelated word” (KREAS).

To register, please write to Petar Mitric (


09:00-11:15 – Morning panel: ”How can global streaming services support a small country’s audiovisual sector?”

11:45-12:15 – Lunch

12:15-14:30 – Roundtable: ”Things to remember when defining investment obligations for streaming services in a small European country”


How can global streaming platforms invest in a small country’s audiovisual sector?

In 2018, the EU’s Audiovisual Media Service Directive enabled the EU Member States to legally oblige global streaming platforms operating in their territories to invest in local content production. The streaming services can now contribute to the local European ecosystems by means of direct investments in local productions and/or a special levy transferred directly to the national film fund. Such obligations have already yielded returns in large European countries (e.g., France, Italy and Germany) where world languages are spoken and national audiovisual industries are highly developed and protected. But how does one impose investment obligations in a small EU country with a local language, a low-capacity audiovisual industry or limited lobbying resources?  What can we learn from the small EU countries that have already imposed investment obligations for global streamers? How much the investment obligations improved their local ecosystems? Did they trigger any new divisions and conflicts between the stakeholder groups?

To tackle these questions, our panel gathers experts from five small European territories (Flanders, Croatia, Portugal, Czech Republic and Denmark) who have deeply engaged in introducing the investment obligations in their local contexts. By exchanging their local knowledge and best practices, the experts will discuss how much small European countries can learn from and inspire each other during the complex process of integrating global giants into a small country’s audiovisual industry.

Panel Participants
  • EU: Sofia Karttunen, Legal Officer, Europa Kommissionen 
  • Flanders: Tim Raats, Associate Professor at Communication Sciences Department of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) and management board member at the Flemish Audiovisual Fund (VAF)   
  • Portugal: Susana Gato, Executive President, Association of Portuguese Independent Producers (APIT)  
  • Croatia: Christopher Peter Marcich, Head of the Croatian Audiovisual Center (HAVC)  
  • Czech Republic: Petr Szczepanik, Associate Professor in Film Studies at Charles University in Prague
  • Poland: Joanna Szymanska, CEO of Sipsboy
  • Denmark: Lars Hermann, Partner, Executive Producers and COO at Apple Tree Productions

Moderated by Petar Mitric (University of Copenhagen)



Things to remember when defining investment obligations for streaming services in a small European country

Roundtable participants




Tim Raats

Media scholar/policy consultant


Matthias Bürcher

Swiss Ministry of Culture


Claus Ledegaard

Danish Film Institute


Lars Hermann



Mariana Liz

Media scholar/policy consultant


Christopher Peter Marcich

Croatian Audiovisual Center


Charlotte Appelgren



Sofia Karttunen

Legal Officer/European Commission


Joanna Szymanska



Katarina Krave

Film i Väst


Pernille Backhausen



Petr Szczepani

Media scholar/policy consultant

Czech Republic

Susan Kirby

Screen Producers Ireland


Julie-Jeanne Regnault



Edith Sepp

Estonian Film Institute


Ivana Kostovska

Media scholar/Consultant


 Moderator: Petar Mitric (University of Copenhagen)